Landmark expansion relies on natural stone
November 18, 2006
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) Headquarters 2 Building in Washington, DC, included the extensive use of stone throughout the building. Pei Cobb Freed & Partners Architects LLP of New York, NY, was responsible for the design of the 800,000-square-foot facility, which incorporated both limestone and granite for elements such as flooring, walls and planters.
At the center of the lobby, several planters of Deer Isle granite - supplied by Polycor Granite BussiÃ©re of Saint-SÃ©bastien, QuÃ©bec, Canada - are a signature element. The stone for these circular planters was quarried in Maine, and the radius cutting and finish was performed at Polycor's Granite BussiÃ©re facility in Canada.
Deer Isle granite was also used for portions of the interior veneer, where it was specified as 2-inch-thick pieces. Large-format panels of Deer Isle granite add contrast to the walls and flooring throughout the first two levels of the building.
Polycor also supplied Brazilian Lilas Gerais granite in a polished finish for an exterior waterwall, providing a unique element at the Pennsylvania Avenue frontage. The same material was also used for countertops and vanity tops in the serving / dining areas.
While the flooring throughout the main lobby is a triangular terrazzo pattern, complementary elements are made from natural stone, which was used in a wide variety of applications. The terrazzo floor pattern is framed by a perimeter band of Valreuil Claire limestone from France. According to architect Craig Dumas of Pei Cobb Freed & Partners Architects, the overall pattern is based on the geometry of Pennsylvania Ave., which is the street located at the main front of the building.
In addition, the Valreuil Claire was used for two monumental staircases. Dumas explained that French limestone was selected for these elements because of its durability and richness of character. Meanwhile, Valanges limestone from France was used as interior wall cladding. Typical sizes of the material, which is a softer limestone variety, measure 2 feet, 4 inches x 5 feet. Both French limestone varieties were supplied by Rocamat of Paris, France.
Indiana limestone from Bybee Stone Co. Inc. of Bloomington, IN, was used for the exterior of the project, in order to match the adjacent complex, which houses IMF's original headquarters. According to the architect, the use of Indiana limestone as a common thread on the expansion connects the current phase to the previous stonework - while also allowing them to change some elements. â€œThe goal was to make a linkage to the adjacent original headquarters building, which is from another era and is completed in Indiana limestone,â€ explained Dumas. â€œThe clients wanted something that wasn't as heavy as the other building. They wanted this one to have more light and transparency with the use of glass.â€ Dumas added that the clients wanted the color and texture of the new headquarters to be similar to the existing building.
The exterior base of the building features 4,000 square feet of honed Deer Isle granite, while the first two floors of the facade are clad in Indiana limestone. Additionally, Deer Isle granite was used for exterior paving, stairs, planters and caps.
Polycor also fabricated 11,000 square feet of thermal-finished Swedish Mahogany granite - which was used for exterior cobblestone pavers measuring 6 x 6 x 4 inches. The material was also used for standard pavers that measured 2 inches thick, as well as street curbs that were 6 inches thick. Also, 800 square feet of Kodiak granite was implemented outdoors in 2-inch-thick pieces as part of the water feature pools.
Installing the stoneRugo Stone LLC of Lorton, VA, was responsible for installing and fabricating all of the stonework for the building. According to installer Fred Rugo, the installation lasted for a period of 16 months with an average of 75 to 80 workers on the job at the peak of the project.
Rugo said that a few minor challenges arose on the jobsite, such as an accelerated work schedule and minimal workspace, among others. Carrying the interior limestone from the first floor to the second floor was also challenging for the crew. â€œIt was difficult to maintain the perfect grade around the perimeter of the building to ensure that the second floor matched where we left off on the first floor,â€ said Rugo.
Dumas felt the biggest challenge arose when working with the French limestone. â€œThe stone has a lot of character to it, and we spent a lot of time establishing the level of quality and figuring out where to use which parts of the range,â€ he explained.
Construction on the building took approximately two years, and was completed in April 2005. Rugo Stone LLC received the 2006 Washington Builders' Congress Award of the Year for its stonework excellence on this project. According to Dumas, the project was very well received, and the clients were pleased with the outcome.
The Headquarters 2 Project International Monetary Fund
Architect: Pei Cobb Freed & Partners Architects LLP, New York, NY
General Contractor: Clark Construction Group, LLC
Stone Installer: Rugo Stone LLC, Lorton, VA
Stone Suppliers: Polycor Granite BussiÃ©re, Saint-SÃ©bastien, QuÃ©bec, Canada (Deer Isle granite, Swedish Mahogany granite, Kodiak granite, Lilas Gerais granite); Bybee Stone Co. Inc., Bloomington, IN (Indiana limestone); Rocamat, Paris, France (French limestone)