A signature design in travertine
November 18, 2006
Through permanent displays and special exhibitions, the Albuquerque Museum of Art and History features art of the Southwest and 400 years of the city's history. A recent 45,000-square-foot expansion to the museum, which was originally designed by noted architect Antoine Predock, in 1979, included the extensive use of native travertine for both exterior and interior features, as well as Turkish travertine for flooring throughout the space.
According to Mark Rohde, project architect from Rohde May Keller McNamara Architecture of Albuquerque, NM, two major project goals influenced the design of the museum's expansion. â€œOne goal was to add new and expand public functions to address the growth of the museum's many programs dedicated to art, history and education,â€ he explained. â€œThe second goal was to take advantage, architecturally, of this major capital expansion by promoting a more dynamic and visible presence in the community.â€
Furthermore, Rohde said that the client wanted â€œa dramatic and provocative design statement that would be an inviting attraction and establish a fresh signature for Albuquerque's 30-year-old institution.â€
To meet this desired aesthetic, architect's selected New Mexico travertine - which is quarried in Belin, NM, by Rocky Mountain Stone - in a â€œdry stackâ€ application for the exterior facade of the building as well as interior walls. â€œNew Mexico travertine was used because of its rich color, pattern and texture,â€ said Rohde. â€œIt is truly an indigenous, local material that helps anchor the architecture to this region. The dry stack design has been done a lot in sandstone, and we were interested in using this particular stone in a dry stack application, which we hadn't seen before.â€
According to Rohde, the biggest challenge regarding the exterior stonework was in trying to create an â€œAnasazzi-likeâ€ dry stack pattern of varying heights of courses. â€œThe no mortar joint-dry stack appearance severely limited the tolerance for correction during installation,â€ the architect explained. â€œThe design demanded careful planning and precision installation by the mason. The stone's rough and irregular face, integral in the rich character of the stone, also added to the difficulty in the 'jointless' installation. Rockscapes [stonemason] of New Mexico did an exemplary job of meeting these field challenges and the architect's aesthetic requirements.â€
Stone was also carried inside the building, where the flooring is comprised of 24- x 24-inch pieces of honed Turkish travertine with randomly placed, contrasting-colored dolomitic limestone insets in what Rohde refers to as a â€œMondrianâ€-inspired pattern.
The museum's expansion - which included an 8,000-square-foot changing exhibitions gallery, a grand hall and entrance, special events hall, an expanded sculpture garden, new gallery store and a cafe - doubled the size of the original structure.
Construction on the project began in February 2003 and was completed in January 2005. According to Rohde, the project has been universally well received, and has been honored with several noted awards, including the 2006 AIA Honor Award - General Design, the 2005 Southwest Contractor - Best Institutional Design over $5 million and the 2005 Southwest Contractor - Best Interior, and a 2006 Prism Award for outstanding stonework.
Albuquerque Museum of Art and History
Architect: Rohde May Keller McNamara Architecture, Albuquerque, NM
General Contractor: Bradbury Stamm Construction, Albuquerque, NM
Subcontractor: Rockscapes, Albuquerque, NM; Kolle Tile, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (floor)
Stone Supplier/Quarrier: Rocky Mountain Stone, Albuquerque, NM (New Mexico travertine)
Stone Supplier: Milestone, Inc., Santa Fe, NM (Turkish travertine)