Commercial and Institutional Architecture: Limestone creates soothing environment for art museum
September 1, 2006
The 70,000-square-foot Rubin Museum of Art (RMA) occupies what was formerly a portion of the Barneys department store in Manhattan's Chelsea neighborhood. According to The American Institute of Architects, the architectural center of the RMA is a 6-story spiral stone staircase designed by Andree Putman, which served as inspiration to convert the building from a department store to a museum. The renovation included the use of French limestone to create a contemplative environment for the display of the largest collection of Himalayan art in the Western world.
Richard Blinder of Beyer Blinder Belle Architects & Planners LLP of New York, NY, was hired to make the transformation and to create a â€œwarm, inviting and dramatic space.â€ Atelier Imrey Culbert of New York designed the exhibition floors and collaborated on some of the public spaces for the museum.
Honed Corton limestone was selected for the flooring throughout the main lobby level, while flamed Hautville limestone was used for the feature wall in the main lobby. The materials were supplied by Francepierre International S.N.C. of Les Ulis Cedex, France.
â€œThe choice of stone aided in overcoming the challenge of creating a transition from the frenetic New York City streets to a quiet, almost meditative atmosphere in which to view the collection,â€ said Stanley Wong, Associate Partner of Beyer Blinder Belle. â€œThe associate museum architects, Atelier Imrey Culbert, had used Corton [limestone] in other projects and suggested this for the lobby. We all agreed that this stone carried the right qualities we were looking for - a warm, quiet tone and uniform in character with pinkish hues.â€
The flooring throughout the main lobby features pieces of Corton limestone with a standard dimension of approximately 10 x 30 inches. Tim Culbert of Atelier Imrey Culbert created a thematic, abstract pattern of the Mandala in the gallery floors and ceilings, and the shape is also subtly reflected in the stone flooring pattern.
â€œThe lobby contains the most significant stone installations,â€ said Wong. â€œThe feature stone wall contains a hidden support system for sculpture. Open vertical joints at key spots allow for removable armatures to handle the heavy loads of sculpture. The armatures can then have brackets customized for a specific sculpture, graphic or any other form of display.â€
Wong said the biggest challenge was that the existing stairs, structure and elevators prohibited a mud bed installation. The crew overcame this obstacle by utilizing an uncoupling membrane (SchlÃ¼ter Ditra) to help mitigate slab movement and aid in the level of the stone installation.
In addition to large galleries, the building also houses space for contemporary and historical photography, a classroom, a state-of-the-art theater for multi-media events and performances, and a cafÃ© and gift shop.
According to representatives from the RMA, the goal of the museum is to provide an environment and tools for people to find their own connections with the artwork, and to make them part of their visual vocabulary, their resource of delight and their refined awareness of the world.
Construction of the museum began in Fall 2002 and doors opened to the public on October 29, 2004. â€œThe Rubin Museum of Art is a success, and is the vibrant educational and cultural center that it was intended to be,â€ said Wong.
Rubin Museum of Art: New York, NYArchitect: Beyer Blinder Belle, New York, NY
Associate Architects: Atelier Imrey Culbert, New York, NY
Stone Supplier: Francepierre International S.N.C., Les Ulis Cedex, France
Stone Installer: Port Morris Tile & Marble, Bronx, NY