Indiana limestone unifies medical campus
October 15, 2006
The lavish use of Indiana limestone throughout several newly built structures on the campus of the Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Louis J. Stokes Medical Center in Cleveland, OH, provides a clean uniform look for the facility. The material was not only chosen for its aesthetic qualities, but also because it blended well with the campus's existing architecture.
â€œThe stone we chose was a take-off on the original building that was built several decades earlier,â€ said Project Designer Timothy S. Hunsicker, AIA, principal of CBLH Design, Inc. of Cleveland, OH. â€œIt had limestone trim with brick. There was also an addition that was done 10 years prior [to that]. We wanted the new buildings to fit in with the existing material as opposed to going a totally different route. The longevity of the material was also important.â€
The recent additions to the medical center included an 800-space parking garage followed by a 121,000-square-foot Ambulatory Care building. â€œWe used veneer panels that were 4 inches thick [for the exterior of the structures],â€ said the project designer. â€œSome pieces were up to 6 feet in length and 3 feet tall.â€
According to Hunsicker, the design team worked closely with Evans Limestone Co. of Bedford, IN, to choose the right stone for the project. â€œGetting the consistency in the graining of the limestone was a challenge,â€ he said. â€œThe contractors did a good job at that. It's a natural product, so controlling what it looks like as you have it in renderings is tricky. It's more acceptable, though, because it is natural.â€
Screen walls, which were clad with the large limestone panels, were built at the north and south entrances of the Ambulatory Care building. â€œWe were able to bring the limestone all the way down to grade - even with the severe climate,â€ said Hunsicker, adding that all of the stone was sealed.
In addition to the exterior facade of the Ambulatory Care building, Indiana limestone was also used for parts of the interior design. â€œIt was very intentional to have an inside/outside feel,â€ said the project designer. â€œThe interior panels are very similar in size to the outside [ones]. They measure about 5 or 6 feet long and 30 inches high.â€<
Renovating existing architectureAfter construction of the new structure was completed, a renovation of the original hospital began. â€œOnce the Ambulatory Care building was finished, they started renovating each floor of the existing hospital,â€ said Hunsicker. And while there was the desire to use limestone for the renovation, budget became a factor, according to the project designer.
For an almost 30,000-square-foot addition to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), StoneLiteâ„¢ panels from Stone Panels, Inc. of Coppell, TX, were employed for both exterior and interior applications. â€œWe switched because of the weight and cost,â€ explained the architect. â€œIt's interesting because we switched the product, but wanted to keep the same idea. The panels are lightweight, but still Indiana limestone.â€
StoneLiteâ„¢ panels are composite wall panels made up of a thin natural stone veneer reinforced with an aluminum honeycomb backing, according to Stone Panels Inc. â€œThe stone veneer can be almost any stone, including granite, marble, limestone, slate and sandstone,â€ the company states. â€œStoneLiteâ„¢ weighs only 3.3 pounds per square foot - about the same as 1/4-inch-thick glass - which is approximately 80% less weight than solid stone. This weight savings alone provides huge savings in installation labor, structural requirements and installing time.â€
Additionally, the lightweight limestone panels were ideal for the exterior of the ICU addition because they are impervious to water penetration. The fiber-reinforced epoxy skin directly behind the stone provides a waterproof barrier, thereby eliminating the need for a secondary layer of protection.
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Louis J. Stokes Medical Center
Architect:-CBLH Design, Inc., Cleveland, OH
General Contractors: Panzica Construction, Cleveland, OH (Ambulatory Care addition, parking garage); LDV Inc. (Intensive Care Unit addition); Hambrick Inc. (Spinal Cord Injury Unit renovation)
Stone Suppliers: Evans Limestone Co. (Ambulatory Care addition, parking garage); Stone Panels, Inc., Coppell, TX (Intensive Care Unit addition, Spinal Cord Injury Unit renovation)
Stone Installer: Foti Construction Co., Cleveland, OH